Types of saffron
In Iran, they are usually divided into 4 types: Pushal(Straw) Saffron, Girl twist(dokhtar pich) Saffron , Pushal Negin Saffron (Mancha Saffron), Sargol (Top of the Flower/All Red ) Saffron
Sargol (Top of the Flower/All Red ) Saffron
Sargol Saffron is the same fully red color and cut stigmas ( separate from each other) of Saffron in which there is no style or root and its coloring power is between 210 to 260. Sargol Saffron (high quality) can be divided into two grades depending on the coloring power , length and thickness of the break rate and softness existing in it.
• Super quality Sargol
• High quality Sargol
Pushal Negin Saffron (Mancha Saffron)
If the red color and big stigmas of Saffron are separated in form of three branches connected to each other without style ( the yellow color part) from the flower, a voluminous Saffron will be obtained which is the most precious and prestigious type of Saffron and it is called Pushal Negin Saffron . Its coloring power is between 230 to 270.
Pushal (Straw) Saffron is in fact the red stigmas connected to each other with a 1 to 4 millimeter of style or yellow root of Saffron flower and because of presence of greater style, its coloring power is greater.
Bunch (dokhtar pich) Saffron
The red stigma of Saffron along with 3 to 5 centimeters of style connected to it twisted in an order beside each other which are twisted by a thread or so called are girl twisted. The coloring power of Dasteh Saffron is between 120 to 150
When we separate the head from the bunch, the root or white part, which in Iran is called the corner or white of saffron, remains, which cannot be considered saffron. This part is known in Europe as white or white or style (cream).
Saffron corner is not included in the category of saffron varieties. Contrary to many people's beliefs, sesame seeds have a more fragrant scent than sorghum. Scientific studies and analyzes show that valuable items are hidden only in the red stigma of saffron. These substances, especially crocin (saffron dye agent), have been transferred from the stigma to the cream due to the movement in the plant tissue, but because there is more moisture in the cream, it seems that more perfume than cream B is inhaled. At the same time, due to its beautiful appearance and eye-catching color, and the fact that it cannot be considered counterfeit, it is considered.